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Modern cars are full of choices and selecting the right manual or automatic transmission is just a small yet crucial aspect of your ride. Earlier, choosing a transmission was all about choosing one of the two types; a manual transmission also known as standard or an automatic one.
Fortunately, times have changed
Choices have multiplied as new technology seeps into every corner of our cars. Now before we go in depth into what kind of transmission does, let’s have a quick overview of what is a transmission and how does it work? The transmission in a car or any motorized wheeled vehicle is a system of gears that literally “transmits” the power generated by the engine to the wheels that drive the vehicle forward. Speaking about its structure, it is physically located between the engine and the wheels. In a layman’s language, it is a sort of middleman that compels the car to move.
Let’s start with the basics
Manual transmission also known as standard transmission or stick shift requires the driver to push down on a clutch pedal and then change the gears by hand with a shifter located in the center of the car. Presently, modern cars with a manual transmission have five speeds or six, excluding the reverse.
The overall design of the transmission is fairly simple, efficient, incorporating highly functional worm gearbox and gives very direct control over the car. It takes proper skills and practices to proficiently master a manual transmission.
Earlier, most of the automatic transmissions had three gears excluding reverse, but today with the help of the best automotive and industrial gearboxes, high-end automobiles comprises of eight gears to give cars optimal gearing for fuel efficiency.
A dual-clutch transmission can be considered as a new piece of tech which first appeared on race cars in the 1980’s and now hitting the streets. DCT can be thought of as two race tuned automatics working together in the same housing. Instead of a torque converter, a computer controlled clutch system can apply power to the next gear while simultaneously pulling power from the previous gear. Unlike industrial gearboxes, automotive ones make faster shifting without reducing the power in between shifts like a manual. I am pretty sure that you will probably enjoy the speed and efficiency of the dual-clutch.
Continuously variable transmission (CVT) is also newcomers like DCT. CVT is basically one-speed transmission in which one gear allows the driver to stimulate infinite variable transmissions. Is it for you? Well, if you are looking for something that maximizes fuel efficiency and comfort in a daily driver then CVT is the best choice to opt for.